Keeping safe in sexual situations

Year level: 9 or 10


Explores the importance of communicating with a partner about readiness for sex, consent and contraception.

Learning Focus

Being healthy safe and active

Year 9: Skills to deal with challenging or unsafe situations: refusal skills; initiating contingency plans; expressing thoughts, opinins and beliefs; acting assertively (ACPPS091).

Year 9: Actions and strategies to enhance health and wellbeing ina range of environments: identifying and managing risky situations; safe blood practices (ACPPS091).

Year 9: Impact of external influences on the ability of adolescents to make healthy and safe choices relating to: sexuality; alcohol and drug use; risk taking (ACPPS092).

Year 10: Skills and strategies to manage situations where risk is encouraged by others (ACPPS091).

Year 10: External influences on sexuality and sexual behaviours, including the impact decisions and actions have on their own and others' health and wellbeing (ACPPS091).

Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing

Year 9: Characteristics of respectful relationships (ACPPS093)

Year 10: Skills and strategies to promote respectful relationships (ACPPS093)

Key Understandings

Communicating with your partner about readiness for sex, consent and contraception is essential.


  • Laugh and learn video - keeping safe (2min 8sec)
  • Computer and internet access
  • Student activity sheet: Lots to think about keeping safe for sexual activity - 1 per group of 4 students (enlarged to A3 size)
  • SARC school posters (see links within activity section) - hardcopies can be ordered prior to lesson, pdfs can be printed off, or displayed electronically

General Capabilities

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Blooms Revised Taxonomy

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Inquiry Learning Phase

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Related Items

Teaching Resource (download)

Teaching and Learning Activities

Before you get started

  • Read Considerations before using the 'Laugh and learn' video lesson plans.

  • Group agreement - A group agreement must be established before any RSE program begins to ensure a safe learning environment. Revise the group agreement before each lesson.

  • Protective interrupting - Teachers need to know and understand how to use this technique to prevent students form potentially disclosing sensitive information or abuse in front of other students.

  • Dealing with disclosures - Teachers must be aware of the school and legal procedures if a student discloses personal issues, particularly disclosures of sexual abuse.

  • Before facilitating this lesson ensure you know the laws about consent in WA. Read the background teacher notes and see the following external links for further essential information on consent, safer sex and taking selfies:

  • Resources that can be ordered BEFORE teaching this lesson:

    • SARC posters for schools (under resource section) - People you can talk to at school available in with different images. Click on the pictures for direct link.

 Services/State-wide Services/SARC/Resources/P_kids.pdf


Group agreement

  1. Revise the class group agreement

Teaching tip: A group agreement must be established before any RSE program begins to ensure a safe learning environment. Read: Essential information: Establishing a group agreement for tips on how to create one and what to include.

Laugh and learn video - safer sex

  1. Say:

"In this video there are some words and phrases that need some thinking about and discussing before we get to see the video."

  1. Divide the class into groups to discuss the following questions (approximately 5 minutes)
  • What do you think 'ramification' means? Use a dictionary if you don't know. 

Consequence, result, aftermath, outcome, effect.

  • Thinking about the topic of 'staying safe in a sexual situation' - what do you think would be covered in a 'proper talk'?

Communicating about individual wants.

  • What do you understand 'safe sex' measures to be? 

Using a condom to preven STIs and/or pregnancy and using a contraceptive method to prevent pregnancy.

  1. Ask for responses from each group.

  2. Explain that the tersm 'safe' and 'safer' are often used interchangeably. In this video the term 'safe' is used, however, the more accurate term is 'safer' as no sexual activity is 100% safe. For a more detailed explanation see What is safer sex? (external link) and Safer sex (external link). 

  3. Trigger warning! Say:

"This lesson covers topics that some students might find distressing. Please let me know if you feel you need to take a break."

Teaching Tip: You may wish to offer students the option of asking to use the toilet or have a non-verbal signal that students can use so that they can take a break without having to identify themselves to the class.

  1. Watch Laugh and learn - keeping safe (2min 8sec)

  1. Ask:
  • What do you think of the use of humour in this video?

  • Does it help get information across?

  • What is the message/information you got from this video?

  1. Say:

"While humour is useful and we can laught at some aspects there is a serious side to keeping safe that we need to look at. We're going to look at some of the possible 'ramifications' (consequences) of sexual actvitiy."

"There were a number of positive key words you may have seen or heard in the video. What were they?" (Give clues by writig these words with some letters missing.)

  • communicate/communication/talk

  • consent 

  • comfort/comfortable

  • conversation

  • wants/expectations

"So why is it important to talk about safe sex beforehand?"

Ready, comfortable, can be difficult because it is out of comfort zone. Both need to be aware of each others expectations.

Placemat: Keeping safe with sexual activity

  1. Say:

"There are several aspects to keeping safe in sexual situations that need to be considered.

  • sexual/physical safety

  • emotional safety

  • social safety (reputation)

  • respectful relationships

  • legal issues"

  1. As a whole group, revise the legal aspects of consent in WA - Ready, willing and able. 

Teaching tip: For essential information about consent, safer sex and taking selfies go to Sexual health and youth (external site) and Sex and the law (external site). 

  1. Placemat activity: In groups of 4 students complete Student activity sheet: Keeping safe with sexual activity. Each group discuss and record possible issues and ramifications associated with keeping safe:
  • sexual/physical safety

  • social safety (reputation)

  • emotional safety

  • respectful relationships

  • legal issues.

  1. Groups share ideas with the whole class.

  2. Remind students that SARC is the place to contact for anyone who may have been sexually assaulted.

  3. Display SARC's website and phone number 6458 1828 or free call 1800 199 888. Posters can be put up in class and other places around the school. 


  1. Ask students to write one new thing they have learnt from this lesson. Ask for volunteers to share what they wrote.

Take home message

  1. Remind students of the take home message:

Keeping safe means a lot more than preventing STIs and pregnancy. I need to think and talk about how I can look after my own and my partner's physical, social and legal safety beore having sex.

Take home activity

  1. Remind students that Get the Facts has a completely confidential 'ask a question' service that they may wish to use. All questions are answerd by a qualified health professional with a week. 

  2. Provide students with the Student fact sheet: Reliable RSE websites to take home. Remind them that it is best to use credible Western Australian and Australian websites to answer health questions rather than doing an internet search. 

Additional external resources


Respectful relationships

Sexual assault

Staying safe

Help seeking

Online courses