T and Y-charts

This strategy will help students to:

  • graphically organise and record ideas, feelings and information

  • identify and focus on what they already know, understand, value and are able to do

  • compare and contrast ideas, feelings and information.


  1. T and Y-charts can be used to record and categorise information in many different ways. 

  2. Pose a question, situation or issue for students to brainstorm and record their responses in either a T or Y-chart (see templates below). This can be done as a whole group or in small groups. 

  3. All responses should be accepted and recorded.

  4. If the strategy is used with small groups, encourage students to share their group's findings and compare charts with others.

  5. New ideas can be added after the discussion or program has been completed.

Y chart example: Being assertive

Students brainstorm how an ‘assertive person' would look, feel and sound.