Background notes on relationships and sexual health education topics
Background teacher notes
Background information about adolescents' relationships with their families and peers. Includes related site resources and other recommended links.
Improperly using and discarding needles and syringes can increase the risk of transmitting blood-borne viruses such as HIV and hepatitis.
Body art is a popular form of artistic expression but there is a risk of infection from a blood-borne virus (BBV) if not carried out properly.
Body image is a major personal concern for young Australian males and females. Media and advertising has a powerful effect on contributing to a negative body image amongst adolescents.
Many teachers wonder if it is best to split their classes by gender for relationships and sexuality lessons. There are pros and cons to be considered for both.
Delivering culturally appropriate sexual health and relationships education to Aboriginal students.
The issue of abstaining or delaying 'having sex' is an important component of relationships and sexual health education, and a highly relevant consideration for students. A major aim of school sexuality education is to provide students with the information and skills needed to make informed decisions and one of the most important decisions older students will make is whether or not to commence having sexual intercourse.
Teachers need to be aware of gender diversity and ensure that relationships and sexual health lessons cater for all students.
A health promoting school is one that considers the broad health needs of all school community members and constantly strengthens its capacity as a healthy setting for living, learning and working.
HIV is an infection that attacks the immune system. Once HIV has reduced the function of the immune system to a particular level, a person living with HIV is considered to have developed AIDS.
Information for parents and teachers on the human pappilomavirus vaccine which is administered to students in Year 8.
Teachers need to be aware of potential diversity in their classrooms and ensure that relationships and sexuality education lessons cater for all students.
For people with a uterus and ovaries, the menstrual cycle is a series of changes the body goes through in preparation for possible pregnancy.
The exposure of young people to pornography is a concern due to its impact on attitudes, beliefs and behaviours with regards to sex, relationships and gender roles.
Background information on becoming pregnant and the process of labour and giving birth.
An overview of teenage pregnancy and related risk behaviour, including relevant statistics.
Protective behaviours education focuses on developing personal safety skills that can be used by children and young people to keep them safe, and ultimately prevent abuse and reduce violence in the community.
Puberty is the transition period that takes a person from being a sexually immature child to a sexually mature adult.
Personal hygiene and keeping healthy during puberty
Female reproductive and sexual organs and their functions.
Male reproductive and sexual organs and their functions.
'Respectful relationships' background note includes information about gender and power and positive relationships.
Research clearly demonstrates that many secondary students are thinking about, or have already experienced, sexual intercourse and therefore knowledge of safe sex practices must also be an important component of relationships education in schools.
Alcohol and drug use by adolescents increases the likelihood of engaging in risk-taking behaviours such as having unprotected sex.
Sexting is defined as sharing explicit images, messages, or videos via the internet or mobile phones; a combination of the words ‘sex’ and ‘texting’.
Sexual orientation refers to a person's physical and emotional attraction to the same and/or opposite gender. Schools have a responsibility to provide a supportive environment for all students regardless of their sexual orientation or identity.
Provides a full outline of cyberbullying, its consequences and how to respond.