Background notes

 

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Adolescent relationships

Background information about adolescents' relationships with their families and peers. Includes related site resources and other recommended links.

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BBV related risks: Body art

Body art is a popular form of artistic expression but there is a risk of infection from a blood-borne virus (BBV) if not carried out properly.

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BBV related risks: Needles and syringes

Improperly using and discarding needles and syringes can increase the risk of transmitting blood-borne viruses such as HIV and hepatitis.

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Body image

Body image is a major personal concern for young Australian males and females. Media and advertising has a powerful effect on contributing to a negative body image amongst adolescents.

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Delayed sexual intercourse (abstinence) and safer sex

The issue of abstaining or delaying 'having sex' is an important component of relationships and sexual health education, and a highly relevant consideration for students. A major aim of school sexuality education is to provide students with the information and skills needed to make informed decisions and one of the most important decisions older students will make is whether or not to commence having sexual intercourse.

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Gender: Gender diversity

While it is difficult to generalise about gender, sexuality and the implications for safe behaviours, successful school programs do need to acknowledge and take account of this area.

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Gender: Sexual orientation

Sexual orientation refers to a person's physical and emotional attraction to the same and/or opposite gender. Schools have a responsibility to provide a supportive environment for all students regardless of their sexual orientation or identity.

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Health Promoting Schools Framework

A health promoting school is one that constantly strengthens its capacity as a healthy setting for living, learning and working.

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Healthy relationships: Gender, power and consent

Healthy relationships background note includes information about gender and power and positive relationships.

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HIV and AIDS

HIV is an infection that attacks the immune system. Once HIV has reduced the function of the immune system to a particular level, a person living with HIV is considered to have developed AIDS.

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Pregnancy and birth: A brief overview of biology and physiology

Background information on becoming pregnant and the process of labour and giving birth.

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Pregnancy and young people

An overview of teenage pregnancy and related risk behaviour, including relevant statistics.

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Protective behaviours education

Protective behaviours education focuses on developing personal safety skills that can be used by children and young people to keep them safe, and ultimately prevent abuse and reduce violence in the community.

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Puberty

Puberty is usually defined as a biological or physical process characterised by the maturation of the sexual organs and appearance of secondary sex characteristics. It can begin anywhere between 9 and 15 years of age.

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Puberty: Menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle is a series of changes a female's body goes through in preparation for possible pregnancy.

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Reproductive and sexual anatomy: Females

Female reproductive and sexual organs and their functions.

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Reproductive and sexual anatomy: Males

Male reproductive and sexual organs and their functions.

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Safer sex and contraception

Research clearly demonstrates that many secondary students are thinking about, or have already experienced, sexual intercourse and therefore knowledge of safe sex practices must also be an important component of relationships education in schools.

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Sex - Alcohol and other drugs

Alcohol and drug use by adolescents increases the likelihood of engaging in risk-taking behaviours such as having unprotected sex.

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Sex and the law

Background information about sex and the law in Western Australia.

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Social media: Cyberbullying

Provides a full outline of cyberbullying, its consequences and how to respond.

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Social media: Cyberstalking

When a person is stalked or harassed by another person using a service of the internet such as email, instant messaging or via a posting in a discussion group; they are being cyberstalked.

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Social media: Sexting

Sexting is defined as sharing explicit images, messages, or videos via the internet or mobile phones; a combination of the words ‘sex’ and ‘texting’.

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STIs and BBVs

Find out more about the different types of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and blood borne viruses (BBVs).

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Teaching SRE to Aboriginal students

Delivering culturally appropriate sexual health and relationships education to Aboriginal students.

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Young people and the accessibility and influence of pornography

The exposure of young people to pornography is a concern due to its impact on attitudes, beliefs and behaviours with regards to sex, relationships and gender roles.

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